All praise is due and belongs to Allâh. We praise Him, seek His help and forgiveness and repent to Him. We seek refuge with Allâh from the evils of ourselves and from the wickedness of our own deeds. Whomever that Allâh guides, none can mislead him, and whomever He sends astray, none can guide. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allâh alone with no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.
( يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اتَّقُواْ اللّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إِلاَّ وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ )
(O you who believe, fear Allâh as he should be feared and die not unless you are Muslims) [Al-Imran: 102]
( يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُواْ رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالاً كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاء وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءلُونَ بِهِ وَالأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا )
(O people fear your Lord, who created you from a single soul. From it, He created its spouse, and from both of them scattered many men and women. Fear Allâh, by whom you ask one another, and (fear) the wombs (lest you sever its relationship). Allâh is ever watching over you). [An-Nisa: 1].
( يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا * يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَن يُطِعْ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا )
(O you, who believe, fear Allâh and say sound statements. He will mend your deeds for you and forgive your sins. Whosoever obeys Allâh and His Messenger shall win a great victory) [Al-Ahzab: 70-71].
This universe operates in accordance with specific laws, norms and Allâh’s ways of dealing that do not change nor lag behind. Allâh, the Most High, said:
( فَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ ٱللَّهِ تَبۡدِيلاً۬ۖ وَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ ٱللَّهِ تَحۡوِيلاً )
So no change will you find in Allâh’s Sunnah (way of dealing), and no turning off will you find in Allâh’s Sunnah (way of dealing) [Fatir: 43].
The sun runs from the East to West, and the moon begins its infancy, and then becomes a full moon and then a new moon. The universe is going according to precise rotary system that does not deviate as much as one inch. The mute animals can neither speak nor express themselves. The rivers with their sweet water pour in the salty seas and oceans, and water flows down from top to bottom and the contrary is impossible…
However, the dominion is the dominion of Allâh, the universe is Allâh’s universe, and the order is Allâh’s order. The Creator of these norms, laws and ways of dealing is Allâh, the Most Glorified and Exalted. Therefore, He is the One who is able to remove, violate and disrupt them… Moreover, the Creator, the Most High has disrupted these norms for His prophets and messengers to become miracles used as proofs by the Prophets and a means to convince those who sway between this and that (hypocrites) and stun the vainglorious. This happened when the Sun seized to move in its orbit until Joshua (Yusha’ bin Nun) conquered Jerusalem. Our Prophet, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) said, «The sun was never prevented (from rotating in its orbit) for the sake of humans except for Joshua, for it was disrupted for the nights he marched to Jerusalem» (Transmitted by Ahmad, but its original source is in Sahih Al-Bukhari).
Furthermore, Allâh, the Most Glorified and Exalted, deprived water of its liquidity and so it broke away and froze in its place when Musa, peace be upon him hit it with a stick. Allâh, the Most High, said,
( فَأَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰٓ أَنِ ٱضۡرِب بِّعَصَاكَ ٱلۡبَحۡرَۖ فَٱنفَلَقَ فَكَانَ كُلُّ فِرۡقٍ۬ كَٱلطَّوۡدِ ٱلۡعَظِيمِ )
So We revealed to Musa saying, “Strike the sea with your staff.” So it was severed apart, and each part became like a big mountain [As-Shu’ara: 63].
He also deprived the stone of its hardness when it unleashed with springs when hit with the same stick, as Allâh, the Most Glorified said,
( وَإِذِ ٱسۡتَسۡقَىٰ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوۡمِهِۦ فَقُلۡنَا ٱضۡرِب بِّعَصَاكَ ٱلۡحَجَرَۖ فَٱنفَجَرَتۡ مِنۡهُ ٱثۡنَتَا عَشۡرَةَ عَيۡنً۬اۖ )
When Musa sought water for his people, We said, “Strike the rock with your staff,” And twelve springs gushed forth from it [Al-Baqarah: 60].
Again, He deprived the fire of its burning property and it became coolness and peace for Ibrahim.
( بَرۡدً۬ا وَسَلَـٰمًا عَلَىٰٓ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ )
Coolness and peace for Ibrahim [Al-Anbiya: 69].
Slaves of Allâh! Allâh, the Most Glorified and Exalted, has singled out the noblest of His messengers and prophets; Muhammad, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) with such miracles or even greater. The miracles of our Prophet, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) can be categorized into two parts:
First: Everlasting miracles till the Day of Resurrection. This is the miracle of the Qur’an, the speech miracle by which Allâh challenged the rhetoricians and eloquent people but they could not come up with its like:
( قُل لَّٮِٕنِ ٱجۡتَمَعَتِ ٱلۡإِنسُ وَٱلۡجِنُّ عَلَىٰٓ أَن يَأۡتُواْ بِمِثۡلِ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ لَا يَأۡتُونَ بِمِثۡلِهِۦ وَلَوۡ كَانَ بَعۡضُہُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ۬ ظَهِيرً۬ا )
Say: “If the mankind and the jinn were together to produce the like of this Qur’ân, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another [Al-Isra: 88].
Even enemies could not find any way out but to bow before it, subject and acknowledge its inimitability. Here is one of them saying and admitting: «What he says has a sweetness to it, and a charm upon it; the highest part of it is fruitful and the lowest part of it is gushing forth with bounty; it dominates and cannot be dominated, and it crushes all that is under it» (As-Seerah An-Nabawiyyah by Ibn Kathir).
Even when the jinn listened to it they were impacted and believed in what they heard. Allâh, the Most High, says,
( وَإِذۡ صَرَفۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ نَفَرً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلۡجِنِّ يَسۡتَمِعُونَ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ فَلَمَّا حَضَرُوهُ قَالُوٓاْ أَنصِتُواْۖ فَلَمَّا قُضِىَ وَلَّوۡاْ إِلَىٰ قَوۡمِهِم مُّنذِرِينَ )
And (remember) when We sent towards you (Muhammad) a group (three to ten persons) of the jinn, (quietly) listening to the Qur’ân, when they stood in the presence thereof, they said: “Listen in silence!” And when it was finished, they returned to their people, as warners [Al-Ahqaf: 29].
If the hearts humble themselves to the Qur’an and ponder it they will be impacted just as it impacted the mountains:
( لَوۡ أَنزَلۡنَا هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ عَلَىٰ جَبَلٍ۬ لَّرَأَيۡتَهُ ۥ خَـٰشِعً۬ا مُّتَصَدِّعً۬ا مِّنۡ خَشۡيَةِ ٱللَّهِۚ )
Had We sent down this Qur’ân on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rent asunder by the fear of Allâh [Al-Hashr: 21].
It is the eternal miracle in every time and place.
The second type is action instantaneous miracles, which were observed by the people of their time and have passed, but the Qur’an and authentic Sunnah related them to us. They are of many types and we are going to expose some of them below, by the will of Allâh.
O believers! The action miracles include universal miracles, and perhaps the most notable of them are as follows:
The first miracle: the miracle of the splitting of the moon. Allâh, the Most High, has mentioned this miracle in His Book, saying:
( ٱقۡتَرَبَتِ ٱلسَّاعَةُ وَٱنشَقَّ ٱلۡقَمَرُ )
The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder [Al-Qamar: 1].
And Ibn Mas’ud said: During the lifetime of Allâh’s Messenger (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) the moon was split into two parts; one part remained over the mountain, and the other part went beyond the mountain. On that, Allâh’s Messenger (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) said, «Witness this miracle » (Agreed upon).
The second miracle: The miracle of harnessing clouds and rain to him, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him). Anas bin Malik reported: A man came to Allâh’s Messenger (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) and said, “O Allâh’s Messenger (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him)! Livestock are destroyed and the roads are cut off. So please invoke Allâh.” So Allâh’s Messenger (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) prayed and it rained from that Friday to the next Friday. Then he came to Allâh’s Messenger (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) and said, “O Allâh’s Messenger (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him)! Houses have collapsed, roads are cut off and the livestock are destroyed”. So Allâh’s Messenger (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) prayed, “O Allâh! (Let it rain) on the tops of mountains, on the plateaus, in the valleys and over the places where trees grow”. So the clouds cleared away from Medina as clothes are taken off. (Agreed upon).
Here are the clouds and rain going back and forth in obedience to him, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) by the order of Allâh.
Third Miracle: Inanimate objects obey him (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him). It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: We were with the Prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him), in a certain journey, suddenly a Bedouin appeared, and when he came near, the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) said, «Where do you intend ? », He said, to my family, he said:« Can you answer the call to something good? » He said: What is it? He said: «to testify that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allâh alone with no partner, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger», he said: Is there any testament to what you are saying? He, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) said: «This tree (called) Samurah». So, the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him), called it while it was at the beach of a valley, and it came cutting through the earth vigorously until it stood before him. So, he asked it to testify three times and it testified it was as he said, and then it returned to its origin. Thereafter, the Bedouin returned to his people but said: if they follow me I would bring them to you, or otherwise I would return to you to be with you. (Ibn Hibban).
O Muslims! The miracles of our Prophet, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) include great and impressive medical miracles and they are many, including the following:
The first miracle: miracle of the splitting of his chest. This happened to him, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) at a young age and in adulthood. As for the young age, it happened in the dwellings of Bani Sa’ad, while he was with his wet-nurse Halima As-Sa’diyyah. Anas bin Malik narrates that Angel Gabriel came to the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) while he was playing with his playmates. He took hold of him and lay him prostrate on the ground and tore open his breast and took out the heart from it and then extracted a blood clot out of it and said: That was the part of Satan in you. And then he washed it with the water of Zamzam in a golden basin and then it was joined together and restored to its place. The boys came running to his mother, i. e. his wet-nurse, and said: Verily Muhammad has been murdered. They all rushed toward him (and found him all right). His colour was changed. Anas said, « I myself could see the marks of needle on his chest » (Muslim).
Say to the people of Medicine: Did you see how a precise surgical operation was carried out on the Messenger of Allâh (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) in a heart opened in the middle of the desert, in an age that knows no operations and anesthesia rooms …?! Glory be to the All-Knower and the Almighty!
The second miracle: Healing the sick by the grace of Allâh. Here is Salamah bin al-Akwa’ who said, the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) sent me to Ali, who had sore eyes, and said: I will give the banner to a man who loves Allâh and His Messenger or whom Allâh and His Messenger love. So I went to ‘Ali, brought him beading him along and he had sore eyes, and I took him to the Messenger of Allâh (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him), who applied his saliva to his eyes and he got well. The Messenger of Allâh (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) gave him the banner (and ‘Ali went to meet Marhab in a single combat) (Muslim).
Umar bin Qatadah reported « They eye of Qatadah bin al-Nu’man fell on his cheek on the Day of Uhud, and the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) returned it to its place, and it was the best eye and the sharpest one of both eyes». (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah).
This is Abdullah bin Atik killing the Jewish man Abu Rafi’ upon the order of the Prophet. Then he falls and has his leg broken. He says: « So I went to the Prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) and described the whole story to him”. He said, ‘Stretch out your (broken) leg. I stretched it out and he rubbed it and it became all right as if I had never had any ailment whatsoever » (Al-Bukhari).
O believers! The life miracles of the Prophet, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) include the blessing he had to multiply food and drink, until the army fed and was satiated with little food. That was on the day of the Battle of the Trench, when Jabir slaughtered a lamb and the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) invited all the people of the trench who were more than a thousand and they all ate and were filled.
Moreover, here are the people of As-Suffah, who all drank of the little milk. Abu Huraira drank after them, and it even had some remnants!
Among these miracles is when the noble companions of the Prophet needed water to make ablutions several times, but the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) summoned a jar of little water, put his hand in it and water started to gush from between his fingers until the pot was filled and they drank and made ablutions.
Among the miracles is that they lost water on the Day of Al-Hudaybiyah, so the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) spat on a well that had very little water, and threw the spear into it, invoked his Lord, and the water began to gush profusely! Slaves of Allâh! His miracles (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) include the information he told about many unseen and unknown things which he himself had never witnessed. This include what happened to Umair bin Wahab who sat with Safwan bin Umayyah in Al-Hijr (Hijr Ismaeel by the Ka’bah), and Safwan vowed to take care of the children of Umair if Umair pledged to kill the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him). So Umair went on to Madinah, and the Prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) asked him: «What has brought you here O Umair?» He told lie to the Prophet. So the Prophet, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) said to him, «What is that they you have pledged to Safwan bin Umayyah by Al-Hijr?» Umair was frightened and said: What did I pledge to him? He said: «You pledged to him to kill me so that he would take care of your children and pay off your debt, and Allâh will cause a barrier between you and that». Umair said: I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allâh and I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allâh … (At-Tabarani).
All praise is due and belongs to Allâh alone, and may the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon the last Prophet.
O Muslims! Now we can reflect: what is the wisdom for displaying miracles at the hands of the prophets, while they are astounding things that are beyond the normal norms and laws, and at the hands of our Prophet (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him)?
We say that there a many wisdoms including the following:
First: To indicate their sincerity in the claim to prophethood, because any claim that is not substantiated by evidence is weak and empty.
Second: Distinction between the prophets sent by Allâh, and the impostors and liars, especially that the Messenger of Allâh, (May the blessings and peace of Allâh be upon him) has prophesied saying: « The Last Hour would not come until there would arise about thirty impostors, liars, and each one of them would claim that he is a messenger of Allâh » (Agreed upon).
So, whoever Allâh supports with outstanding and impressive miracles, he is the truthful and sincere, while others are liars.
Third: To increase the faith of believers and make their hearts firm.
Fourth: To convince the hypocrite, who sway between these and those and are in doubt whether the Prophet’s claim is true or false!
Fifth: the establishment of evidence and argument against the tenacious people as Allâh, the Most Glorified and Exalted, challenged them by the miracle of the Qur’an, and established the proof against them by cleaving the moon apart … Hence, miracles come as proof, confirmation, conviction and challenge …
All praise is due and belongs to Allâh that facilitated for us the affair of the religion. All praise is due and belongs to Allâh, who has spoken to men as much as their minds can comprehend, and all praise is due and belongs to Allâh the Capable, Omnipotent and Owner of Majesty…
Invoke prayers and blessings of Allâh upon the one Allâh, the Most Exalted and Glorified, has commanded you to do so when He said,
( إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا )
Allâh sends His Salâh (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy, etc.) on the Prophet (Muhammad) and also His angels too (ask Allâh to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your Salâh on (ask Allâh to bless) him (Muhammad), and (you should) greet him with the Islamic way of greeting [Al-Ahzab: 56].